BigFraction
org.apache.commons.math3.fraction

Class BigFraction

    • Field Detail

      • TWO

        public static final BigFraction TWO
        A fraction representing "2 / 1".
      • ONE

        public static final BigFraction ONE
        A fraction representing "1".
      • ZERO

        public static final BigFraction ZERO
        A fraction representing "0".
      • MINUS_ONE

        public static final BigFraction MINUS_ONE
        A fraction representing "-1 / 1".
      • FOUR_FIFTHS

        public static final BigFraction FOUR_FIFTHS
        A fraction representing "4/5".
      • ONE_FIFTH

        public static final BigFraction ONE_FIFTH
        A fraction representing "1/5".
      • ONE_HALF

        public static final BigFraction ONE_HALF
        A fraction representing "1/2".
      • ONE_QUARTER

        public static final BigFraction ONE_QUARTER
        A fraction representing "1/4".
      • ONE_THIRD

        public static final BigFraction ONE_THIRD
        A fraction representing "1/3".
      • THREE_FIFTHS

        public static final BigFraction THREE_FIFTHS
        A fraction representing "3/5".
      • THREE_QUARTERS

        public static final BigFraction THREE_QUARTERS
        A fraction representing "3/4".
      • TWO_FIFTHS

        public static final BigFraction TWO_FIFTHS
        A fraction representing "2/5".
      • TWO_QUARTERS

        public static final BigFraction TWO_QUARTERS
        A fraction representing "2/4".
      • TWO_THIRDS

        public static final BigFraction TWO_THIRDS
        A fraction representing "2/3".
    • Constructor Detail

      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(BigInteger num)

        Create a BigFraction equivalent to the passed BigInteger, ie "num / 1".

        Parameters:
        num - the numerator.
      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(double value)            throws MathIllegalArgumentException
        Create a fraction given the double value.

        This constructor behaves differently from BigFraction(double, double, int). It converts the double value exactly, considering its internal bits representation. This works for all values except NaN and infinities and does not requires any loop or convergence threshold.

        Since this conversion is exact and since double numbers are sometimes approximated, the fraction created may seem strange in some cases. For example, calling new BigFraction(1.0 / 3.0) does not create the fraction 1/3, but the fraction 6004799503160661 / 18014398509481984 because the double number passed to the constructor is not exactly 1/3 (this number cannot be stored exactly in IEEE754).

        Parameters:
        value - the double value to convert to a fraction.
        Throws:
        MathIllegalArgumentException - if value is NaN or infinite
        See Also:
        BigFraction(double, double, int)
      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(double value,           double epsilon,           int maxIterations)            throws FractionConversionException
        Create a fraction given the double value and maximum error allowed.

        References:

        Parameters:
        value - the double value to convert to a fraction.
        epsilon - maximum error allowed. The resulting fraction is within epsilon of value, in absolute terms.
        maxIterations - maximum number of convergents.
        Throws:
        FractionConversionException - if the continued fraction failed to converge.
        See Also:
        BigFraction(double)
      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(double value,           int maxDenominator)            throws FractionConversionException
        Create a fraction given the double value and maximum denominator.

        References:

        Parameters:
        value - the double value to convert to a fraction.
        maxDenominator - The maximum allowed value for denominator.
        Throws:
        FractionConversionException - if the continued fraction failed to converge.
      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(int num)

        Create a BigFraction equivalent to the passed int, ie "num / 1".

        Parameters:
        num - the numerator.
      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(int num,           int den)

        Create a BigFraction given the numerator and denominator as simple int. The BigFraction is reduced to lowest terms.

        Parameters:
        num - the numerator.
        den - the denominator.
      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(long num)

        Create a BigFraction equivalent to the passed long, ie "num / 1".

        Parameters:
        num - the numerator.
      • BigFraction

        public BigFraction(long num,           long den)

        Create a BigFraction given the numerator and denominator as simple long. The BigFraction is reduced to lowest terms.

        Parameters:
        num - the numerator.
        den - the denominator.
    • Method Detail

      • getReducedFraction

        public static BigFraction getReducedFraction(int numerator,                             int denominator)

        Creates a BigFraction instance with the 2 parts of a fraction Y/Z.

        Any negative signs are resolved to be on the numerator.

        Parameters:
        numerator - the numerator, for example the three in 'three sevenths'.
        denominator - the denominator, for example the seven in 'three sevenths'.
        Returns:
        a new fraction instance, with the numerator and denominator reduced.
        Throws:
        ArithmeticException - if the denominator is zero.
      • add

        public BigFraction add(int i)

        Adds the value of this fraction to the passed integer, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        i - the integer to add.
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values.
      • add

        public BigFraction add(long l)

        Adds the value of this fraction to the passed long, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        l - the long to add.
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values.
      • bigDecimalValue

        public BigDecimal bigDecimalValue()

        Gets the fraction as a BigDecimal. This calculates the fraction as the numerator divided by denominator.

        Returns:
        the fraction as a BigDecimal.
        Throws:
        ArithmeticException - if the exact quotient does not have a terminating decimal expansion.
        See Also:
        BigDecimal
      • bigDecimalValue

        public BigDecimal bigDecimalValue(int roundingMode)

        Gets the fraction as a BigDecimal following the passed rounding mode. This calculates the fraction as the numerator divided by denominator.

        Parameters:
        roundingMode - rounding mode to apply. see BigDecimal constants.
        Returns:
        the fraction as a BigDecimal.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if roundingMode does not represent a valid rounding mode.
        See Also:
        BigDecimal
      • bigDecimalValue

        public BigDecimal bigDecimalValue(int scale,                         int roundingMode)

        Gets the fraction as a BigDecimal following the passed scale and rounding mode. This calculates the fraction as the numerator divided by denominator.

        Parameters:
        scale - scale of the BigDecimal quotient to be returned. see BigDecimal for more information.
        roundingMode - rounding mode to apply. see BigDecimal constants.
        Returns:
        the fraction as a BigDecimal.
        See Also:
        BigDecimal
      • divide

        public BigFraction divide(BigInteger bg)

        Divide the value of this fraction by the passed BigInteger, ie this * 1 / bg, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        bg - the BigInteger to divide by, must not be null
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values
        Throws:
        NullArgumentException - if the BigInteger is null
        MathArithmeticException - if the fraction to divide by is zero
      • divide

        public BigFraction divide(int i)

        Divide the value of this fraction by the passed int, ie this * 1 / i, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        i - the int to divide by
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values
        Throws:
        MathArithmeticException - if the fraction to divide by is zero
      • divide

        public BigFraction divide(long l)

        Divide the value of this fraction by the passed long, ie this * 1 / l, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        l - the long to divide by
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values
        Throws:
        MathArithmeticException - if the fraction to divide by is zero
      • doubleValue

        public double doubleValue()

        Gets the fraction as a double. This calculates the fraction as the numerator divided by denominator.

        Specified by:
        doubleValue in class Number
        Returns:
        the fraction as a double
        See Also:
        Number.doubleValue()
      • equals

        public boolean equals(Object other)

        Test for the equality of two fractions. If the lowest term numerator and denominators are the same for both fractions, the two fractions are considered to be equal.

        Overrides:
        equals in class Object
        Parameters:
        other - fraction to test for equality to this fraction, can be null.
        Returns:
        true if two fractions are equal, false if object is null, not an instance of BigFraction, or not equal to this fraction instance.
        See Also:
        Object.equals(java.lang.Object)
      • floatValue

        public float floatValue()

        Gets the fraction as a float. This calculates the fraction as the numerator divided by denominator.

        Specified by:
        floatValue in class Number
        Returns:
        the fraction as a float.
        See Also:
        Number.floatValue()
      • getDenominator

        public BigInteger getDenominator()

        Access the denominator as a BigInteger.

        Returns:
        the denominator as a BigInteger.
      • getDenominatorAsInt

        public int getDenominatorAsInt()

        Access the denominator as a int.

        Returns:
        the denominator as a int.
      • getDenominatorAsLong

        public long getDenominatorAsLong()

        Access the denominator as a long.

        Returns:
        the denominator as a long.
      • getNumerator

        public BigInteger getNumerator()

        Access the numerator as a BigInteger.

        Returns:
        the numerator as a BigInteger.
      • getNumeratorAsInt

        public int getNumeratorAsInt()

        Access the numerator as a int.

        Returns:
        the numerator as a int.
      • getNumeratorAsLong

        public long getNumeratorAsLong()

        Access the numerator as a long.

        Returns:
        the numerator as a long.
      • hashCode

        public int hashCode()

        Gets a hashCode for the fraction.

        Overrides:
        hashCode in class Object
        Returns:
        a hash code value for this object.
        See Also:
        Object.hashCode()
      • intValue

        public int intValue()

        Gets the fraction as an int. This returns the whole number part of the fraction.

        Specified by:
        intValue in class Number
        Returns:
        the whole number fraction part.
        See Also:
        Number.intValue()
      • longValue

        public long longValue()

        Gets the fraction as a long. This returns the whole number part of the fraction.

        Specified by:
        longValue in class Number
        Returns:
        the whole number fraction part.
        See Also:
        Number.longValue()
      • multiply

        public BigFraction multiply(BigInteger bg)

        Multiplies the value of this fraction by the passed BigInteger, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        bg - the BigInteger to multiply by.
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values.
        Throws:
        NullArgumentException - if bg is null.
      • multiply

        public BigFraction multiply(int i)

        Multiply the value of this fraction by the passed int, returning the result in reduced form.

        Specified by:
        multiply in interface FieldElement<BigFraction>
        Parameters:
        i - the int to multiply by.
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values.
      • multiply

        public BigFraction multiply(long l)

        Multiply the value of this fraction by the passed long, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        l - the long to multiply by.
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values.
      • negate

        public BigFraction negate()

        Return the additive inverse of this fraction, returning the result in reduced form.

        Specified by:
        negate in interface FieldElement<BigFraction>
        Returns:
        the negation of this fraction.
      • percentageValue

        public double percentageValue()

        Gets the fraction percentage as a double. This calculates the fraction as the numerator divided by denominator multiplied by 100.

        Returns:
        the fraction percentage as a double.
      • pow

        public BigFraction pow(int exponent)

        Returns a BigFraction whose value is (this<sup>exponent</sup>), returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        exponent - exponent to which this BigFraction is to be raised.
        Returns:
        thisexponent.
      • pow

        public BigFraction pow(long exponent)

        Returns a BigFraction whose value is (thisexponent), returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        exponent - exponent to which this BigFraction is to be raised.
        Returns:
        thisexponent as a BigFraction.
      • pow

        public BigFraction pow(BigInteger exponent)

        Returns a BigFraction whose value is (thisexponent), returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        exponent - exponent to which this BigFraction is to be raised.
        Returns:
        thisexponent as a BigFraction.
      • pow

        public double pow(double exponent)

        Returns a double whose value is (thisexponent), returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        exponent - exponent to which this BigFraction is to be raised.
        Returns:
        thisexponent.
      • reduce

        public BigFraction reduce()

        Reduce this BigFraction to its lowest terms.

        Returns:
        the reduced BigFraction. It doesn't change anything if the fraction can be reduced.
      • subtract

        public BigFraction subtract(int i)

        Subtracts the value of an integer from the value of this BigFraction, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        i - the integer to subtract.
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values.
      • subtract

        public BigFraction subtract(long l)

        Subtracts the value of a long from the value of this BigFraction, returning the result in reduced form.

        Parameters:
        l - the long to subtract.
        Returns:
        a BigFraction instance with the resulting values.
      • toString

        public String toString()

        Returns the String representing this fraction, ie "num / dem" or just "num" if the denominator is one.

        Overrides:
        toString in class Object
        Returns:
        a string representation of the fraction.
        See Also:
        Object.toString()

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