UniformRealDistribution
org.apache.commons.math3.distribution

Class UniformRealDistribution

    • Field Detail

      • DEFAULT_INVERSE_ABSOLUTE_ACCURACY

        @Deprecatedpublic static final double DEFAULT_INVERSE_ABSOLUTE_ACCURACY
        Deprecated. as of 3.2 not used anymore, will be removed in 4.0
        Default inverse cumulative probability accuracy.
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
    • Constructor Detail

      • UniformRealDistribution

        public UniformRealDistribution()
        Create a standard uniform real distribution with lower bound (inclusive) equal to zero and upper bound (exclusive) equal to one.
      • UniformRealDistribution

        public UniformRealDistribution(double lower,                       double upper)                        throws NumberIsTooLargeException
        Create a uniform real distribution using the given lower and upper bounds.
        Parameters:
        lower - Lower bound of this distribution (inclusive).
        upper - Upper bound of this distribution (exclusive).
        Throws:
        NumberIsTooLargeException - if lower >= upper.
      • UniformRealDistribution

        @Deprecatedpublic UniformRealDistribution(double lower,                                  double upper,                                  double inverseCumAccuracy)                        throws NumberIsTooLargeException
        Deprecated. as of 3.2, inverse CDF is now calculated analytically, use UniformRealDistribution(double, double) instead.
        Create a uniform distribution.
        Parameters:
        lower - Lower bound of this distribution (inclusive).
        upper - Upper bound of this distribution (exclusive).
        inverseCumAccuracy - Inverse cumulative probability accuracy.
        Throws:
        NumberIsTooLargeException - if lower >= upper.
      • UniformRealDistribution

        @Deprecatedpublic UniformRealDistribution(RandomGenerator rng,                                  double lower,                                  double upper,                                  double inverseCumAccuracy)
        Deprecated. as of 3.2, inverse CDF is now calculated analytically, use UniformRealDistribution(RandomGenerator, double, double) instead.
        Creates a uniform distribution.
        Parameters:
        rng - Random number generator.
        lower - Lower bound of this distribution (inclusive).
        upper - Upper bound of this distribution (exclusive).
        inverseCumAccuracy - Inverse cumulative probability accuracy.
        Throws:
        NumberIsTooLargeException - if lower >= upper.
      • UniformRealDistribution

        public UniformRealDistribution(RandomGenerator rng,                       double lower,                       double upper)                        throws NumberIsTooLargeException
        Creates a uniform distribution.
        Parameters:
        rng - Random number generator.
        lower - Lower bound of this distribution (inclusive).
        upper - Upper bound of this distribution (exclusive).
        Throws:
        NumberIsTooLargeException - if lower >= upper.
    • Method Detail

      • density

        public double density(double x)
        Returns the probability density function (PDF) of this distribution evaluated at the specified point x. In general, the PDF is the derivative of the CDF. If the derivative does not exist at x, then an appropriate replacement should be returned, e.g. Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY, Double.NaN, or the limit inferior or limit superior of the difference quotient.
        Parameters:
        x - the point at which the PDF is evaluated
        Returns:
        the value of the probability density function at point x
      • cumulativeProbability

        public double cumulativeProbability(double x)
        For a random variable X whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns P(X <= x). In other words, this method represents the (cumulative) distribution function (CDF) for this distribution.
        Parameters:
        x - the point at which the CDF is evaluated
        Returns:
        the probability that a random variable with this distribution takes a value less than or equal to x
      • getNumericalMean

        public double getNumericalMean()
        Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution. For lower bound lower and upper bound upper, the mean is 0.5 * (lower + upper).
        Returns:
        the mean or Double.NaN if it is not defined
      • getNumericalVariance

        public double getNumericalVariance()
        Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution. For lower bound lower and upper bound upper, the variance is (upper - lower)^2 / 12.
        Returns:
        the variance (possibly Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY as for certain cases in TDistribution) or Double.NaN if it is not defined
      • getSupportLowerBound

        public double getSupportLowerBound()
        Access the lower bound of the support. This method must return the same value as inverseCumulativeProbability(0). In other words, this method must return

        inf {x in R | P(X <= x) > 0}.

        The lower bound of the support is equal to the lower bound parameter of the distribution.
        Returns:
        lower bound of the support
      • getSupportUpperBound

        public double getSupportUpperBound()
        Access the upper bound of the support. This method must return the same value as inverseCumulativeProbability(1). In other words, this method must return

        inf {x in R | P(X <= x) = 1}.

        The upper bound of the support is equal to the upper bound parameter of the distribution.
        Returns:
        upper bound of the support
      • isSupportLowerBoundInclusive

        public boolean isSupportLowerBoundInclusive()
        Whether or not the lower bound of support is in the domain of the density function. Returns true iff getSupporLowerBound() is finite and density(getSupportLowerBound()) returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value.
        Returns:
        true if the lower bound of support is finite and the density function returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value there
      • isSupportUpperBoundInclusive

        public boolean isSupportUpperBoundInclusive()
        Whether or not the upper bound of support is in the domain of the density function. Returns true iff getSupportUpperBound() is finite and density(getSupportUpperBound()) returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value.
        Returns:
        true if the upper bound of support is finite and the density function returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value there
      • isSupportConnected

        public boolean isSupportConnected()
        Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e. whether all values between the lower and upper bound of the support are included in the support. The support of this distribution is connected.
        Returns:
        true

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