org.apache.commons.math3.distribution

## Interface RealDistribution

- All Known Implementing Classes:
- AbstractRealDistribution, BetaDistribution, CauchyDistribution, ChiSquaredDistribution, EmpiricalDistribution, EnumeratedRealDistribution, ExponentialDistribution, FDistribution, GammaDistribution, LevyDistribution, LogNormalDistribution, NormalDistribution, ParetoDistribution, TDistribution, TriangularDistribution, UniformRealDistribution, WeibullDistribution

`public interface RealDistribution`

Base interface for distributions on the reals.

### Method Summary

Methods Modifier and Type Method and Description `double`

**cumulativeProbability**(double x)For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X <= x)`

.`double`

**cumulativeProbability**(double x0, double x1)**Deprecated.***As of 3.1. In 4.0, this method will be renamed*`probability(double x0, double x1)`

.`double`

**density**(double x)Returns the probability density function (PDF) of this distribution evaluated at the specified point`x`

.`double`

**getNumericalMean**()Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution.`double`

**getNumericalVariance**()Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution.`double`

**getSupportLowerBound**()Access the lower bound of the support.`double`

**getSupportUpperBound**()Access the upper bound of the support.`double`

**inverseCumulativeProbability**(double p)Computes the quantile function of this distribution.`boolean`

**isSupportConnected**()Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e.`boolean`

**isSupportLowerBoundInclusive**()**Deprecated.***to be removed in 4.0*`boolean`

**isSupportUpperBoundInclusive**()**Deprecated.***to be removed in 4.0*`double`

**probability**(double x)For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X = x)`

.`void`

**reseedRandomGenerator**(long seed)Reseed the random generator used to generate samples.`double`

**sample**()Generate a random value sampled from this distribution.`double[]`

**sample**(int sampleSize)Generate a random sample from the distribution.

### Method Detail

#### probability

double probability(double x)

For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X = x)`

. In other words, this method represents the probability mass function (PMF) for the distribution.- Parameters:
`x`

- the point at which the PMF is evaluated- Returns:
- the value of the probability mass function at point
`x`

#### density

double density(double x)

Returns the probability density function (PDF) of this distribution evaluated at the specified point`x`

. In general, the PDF is the derivative of the`CDF`

. If the derivative does not exist at`x`

, then an appropriate replacement should be returned, e.g.`Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY`

,`Double.NaN`

, or the limit inferior or limit superior of the difference quotient.- Parameters:
`x`

- the point at which the PDF is evaluated- Returns:
- the value of the probability density function at point
`x`

#### cumulativeProbability

double cumulativeProbability(double x)

For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X <= x)`

. In other words, this method represents the (cumulative) distribution function (CDF) for this distribution.- Parameters:
`x`

- the point at which the CDF is evaluated- Returns:
- the probability that a random variable with this distribution takes a value less than or equal to
`x`

#### cumulativeProbability

@Deprecateddouble cumulativeProbability(double x0, double x1) throws NumberIsTooLargeException

Deprecated.*As of 3.1. In 4.0, this method will be renamed*`probability(double x0, double x1)`

.For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(x0 < X <= x1)`

.- Parameters:
`x0`

- the exclusive lower bound`x1`

- the inclusive upper bound- Returns:
- the probability that a random variable with this distribution takes a value between
`x0`

and`x1`

, excluding the lower and including the upper endpoint - Throws:
`NumberIsTooLargeException`

- if`x0 > x1`

#### inverseCumulativeProbability

double inverseCumulativeProbability(double p) throws OutOfRangeException

Computes the quantile function of this distribution. For a random variable`X`

distributed according to this distribution, the returned value is`inf{x in R | P(X<=x) >= p}`

for`0 < p <= 1`

,`inf{x in R | P(X<=x) > 0}`

for`p = 0`

.

- Parameters:
`p`

- the cumulative probability- Returns:
- the smallest
`p`

-quantile of this distribution (largest 0-quantile for`p = 0`

) - Throws:
`OutOfRangeException`

- if`p < 0`

or`p > 1`

#### getNumericalMean

double getNumericalMean()

Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution.- Returns:
- the mean or
`Double.NaN`

if it is not defined

#### getNumericalVariance

double getNumericalVariance()

Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution.- Returns:
- the variance (possibly
`Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY`

as for certain cases in`TDistribution`

) or`Double.NaN`

if it is not defined

#### getSupportLowerBound

double getSupportLowerBound()

Access the lower bound of the support. This method must return the same value as`inverseCumulativeProbability(0)`

. In other words, this method must return`inf {x in R | P(X <= x) > 0}`

.- Returns:
- lower bound of the support (might be
`Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY`

)

#### getSupportUpperBound

double getSupportUpperBound()

Access the upper bound of the support. This method must return the same value as`inverseCumulativeProbability(1)`

. In other words, this method must return`inf {x in R | P(X <= x) = 1}`

.- Returns:
- upper bound of the support (might be
`Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY`

)

#### isSupportLowerBoundInclusive

@Deprecatedboolean isSupportLowerBoundInclusive()

Deprecated.*to be removed in 4.0*Whether or not the lower bound of support is in the domain of the density function. Returns true iff`getSupporLowerBound()`

is finite and`density(getSupportLowerBound())`

returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value.- Returns:
- true if the lower bound of support is finite and the density function returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value there

#### isSupportUpperBoundInclusive

@Deprecatedboolean isSupportUpperBoundInclusive()

Deprecated.*to be removed in 4.0*Whether or not the upper bound of support is in the domain of the density function. Returns true iff`getSupportUpperBound()`

is finite and`density(getSupportUpperBound())`

returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value.- Returns:
- true if the upper bound of support is finite and the density function returns a non-NaN, non-infinite value there

#### isSupportConnected

boolean isSupportConnected()

Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e. whether all values between the lower and upper bound of the support are included in the support.- Returns:
- whether the support is connected or not

#### reseedRandomGenerator

void reseedRandomGenerator(long seed)

Reseed the random generator used to generate samples.- Parameters:
`seed`

- the new seed

#### sample

double sample()

Generate a random value sampled from this distribution.- Returns:
- a random value.

#### sample

double[] sample(int sampleSize)

Generate a random sample from the distribution.- Parameters:
`sampleSize`

- the number of random values to generate- Returns:
- an array representing the random sample
- Throws:
`NotStrictlyPositiveException`

- if`sampleSize`

is not positive

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