org.apache.commons.math3.distribution

## Class BinomialDistribution

- java.lang.Object
- org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.AbstractIntegerDistribution
- org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.BinomialDistribution

- All Implemented Interfaces:
- Serializable, IntegerDistribution

public class BinomialDistributionextends AbstractIntegerDistribution

Implementation of the binomial distribution.

### Constructor Summary

Constructors Constructor and Description **BinomialDistribution**(int trials, double p)Create a binomial distribution with the given number of trials and probability of success.**BinomialDistribution**(RandomGenerator rng, int trials, double p)Creates a binomial distribution.

### Method Summary

Methods Modifier and Type Method and Description `double`

**cumulativeProbability**(int x)For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X <= x)`

.`int`

**getNumberOfTrials**()Access the number of trials for this distribution.`double`

**getNumericalMean**()Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution.`double`

**getNumericalVariance**()Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution.`double`

**getProbabilityOfSuccess**()Access the probability of success for this distribution.`int`

**getSupportLowerBound**()Access the lower bound of the support.`int`

**getSupportUpperBound**()Access the upper bound of the support.`boolean`

**isSupportConnected**()Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e.`double`

**logProbability**(int x)For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`log(P(X = x))`

, where`log`

is the natural logarithm.`double`

**probability**(int x)For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X = x)`

.### Methods inherited from class org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.AbstractIntegerDistribution

`cumulativeProbability, inverseCumulativeProbability, reseedRandomGenerator, sample, sample`

### Constructor Detail

#### BinomialDistribution

public BinomialDistribution(int trials, double p)

Create a binomial distribution with the given number of trials and probability of success.- Parameters:
`trials`

- Number of trials.`p`

- Probability of success.- Throws:
`NotPositiveException`

- if`trials < 0`

.`OutOfRangeException`

- if`p < 0`

or`p > 1`

.

#### BinomialDistribution

public BinomialDistribution(RandomGenerator rng, int trials, double p)

Creates a binomial distribution.- Parameters:
`rng`

- Random number generator.`trials`

- Number of trials.`p`

- Probability of success.- Throws:
`NotPositiveException`

- if`trials < 0`

.`OutOfRangeException`

- if`p < 0`

or`p > 1`

.

### Method Detail

#### getNumberOfTrials

public int getNumberOfTrials()

Access the number of trials for this distribution.- Returns:
- the number of trials.

#### getProbabilityOfSuccess

public double getProbabilityOfSuccess()

Access the probability of success for this distribution.- Returns:
- the probability of success.

#### probability

public double probability(int x)

For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X = x)`

. In other words, this method represents the probability mass function (PMF) for the distribution.- Parameters:
`x`

- the point at which the PMF is evaluated- Returns:
- the value of the probability mass function at
`x`

#### logProbability

public double logProbability(int x)

For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`log(P(X = x))`

, where`log`

is the natural logarithm. In other words, this method represents the logarithm of the probability mass function (PMF) for the distribution. Note that due to the floating point precision and under/overflow issues, this method will for some distributions be more precise and faster than computing the logarithm of`IntegerDistribution.probability(int)`

.The default implementation simply computes the logarithm of

`probability(x)`

.**Overrides:**`logProbability`

in class`AbstractIntegerDistribution`

- Parameters:
`x`

- the point at which the PMF is evaluated- Returns:
- the logarithm of the value of the probability mass function at
`x`

#### cumulativeProbability

public double cumulativeProbability(int x)

For a random variable`X`

whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns`P(X <= x)`

. In other words, this method represents the (cumulative) distribution function (CDF) for this distribution.- Parameters:
`x`

- the point at which the CDF is evaluated- Returns:
- the probability that a random variable with this distribution takes a value less than or equal to
`x`

#### getNumericalMean

public double getNumericalMean()

Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution. For`n`

trials and probability parameter`p`

, the mean is`n * p`

.- Returns:
- the mean or
`Double.NaN`

if it is not defined

#### getNumericalVariance

public double getNumericalVariance()

Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution. For`n`

trials and probability parameter`p`

, the variance is`n * p * (1 - p)`

.- Returns:
- the variance (possibly
`Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY`

or`Double.NaN`

if it is not defined)

#### getSupportLowerBound

public int getSupportLowerBound()

Access the lower bound of the support. This method must return the same value as`inverseCumulativeProbability(0)`

. In other words, this method must return

The lower bound of the support is always 0 except for the probability parameter`inf {x in Z | P(X <= x) > 0}`

.`p = 1`

.- Returns:
- lower bound of the support (0 or the number of trials)

#### getSupportUpperBound

public int getSupportUpperBound()

Access the upper bound of the support. This method must return the same value as`inverseCumulativeProbability(1)`

. In other words, this method must return

The upper bound of the support is the number of trials except for the probability parameter`inf {x in R | P(X <= x) = 1}`

.`p = 0`

.- Returns:
- upper bound of the support (number of trials or 0)

#### isSupportConnected

public boolean isSupportConnected()

Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e. whether all integers between the lower and upper bound of the support are included in the support. The support of this distribution is connected.- Returns:
`true`

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