**'jhplot.math.Complex'**Java class

jhplot.math

## Class Complex

- java.lang.Object
- jhplot.math.Complex

- All Implemented Interfaces:
- Serializable, Cloneable

public class Complexextends Objectimplements Cloneable, Serializable

Complex implements a complex number and defines complex arithmetic and mathematical functions Last Updated February 27, 2001 Copyright 1997-2001- See Also:
- Serialized Form

### Constructor Summary

Constructors Constructor and Description **Complex**(double u, double v)Constructs the complex number z = u + i*v

### Method Summary

Methods Modifier and Type Method and Description `double`

**arg**()Argument of this Complex number (the angle in radians with the x-axis in polar coordinates).`Complex`

**chs**()Negative of this complex number (chs stands for change sign).`Object`

**clone**()`Complex`

**conj**()Complex conjugate of this Complex number (the conjugate of x+i*y is x-i*y).`Complex`

**cos**()Cosine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**cosh**()Hyperbolic cosine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**div**(Complex w)Division of Complex numbers (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**divide**(double k)Returns this complex divided by the specified factor.`Complex`

**exp**()Complex exponential (doesn't change this Complex number).`double`

**imag**()Imaginary part of this Complex number (the y-coordinate in rectangular coordinates).`Complex`

**log**()Principal branch of the Complex logarithm of this Complex number.`Complex`

**minus**(Complex w)Subtraction of Complex numbers (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**minusReal**(double w)Subtraction from real part`double`

**mod**()Modulus of this Complex number (the distance from the origin in polar coordinates).`Complex`

**plus**(Complex w)Addition of Complex numbers (doesn't change this Complex number).`double`

**real**()Real part of this Complex number (the x-coordinate in rectangular coordinates).`Complex`

**sin**()Sine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**sinh**()Hyperbolic sine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**sqrt**()Complex square root (doesn't change this complex number).`Complex`

**tan**()Tangent of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**times**(Complex w)Complex multiplication (doesn't change this Complex number).`Complex`

**times**(double k)Returns this complex multiplied by the specified factor.`String`

**toString**()String representation of this Complex number.

### Constructor Detail

#### Complex

public Complex(double u, double v)

Constructs the complex number z = u + i*v- Parameters:
`u`

- Real part`v`

- Imaginary part

### Method Detail

#### real

public double real()

Real part of this Complex number (the x-coordinate in rectangular coordinates).- Returns:
- Re[z] where z is this Complex number.

#### imag

public double imag()

Imaginary part of this Complex number (the y-coordinate in rectangular coordinates).- Returns:
- Im[z] where z is this Complex number.

#### mod

public double mod()

Modulus of this Complex number (the distance from the origin in polar coordinates).- Returns:
- |z| where z is this Complex number.

#### arg

public double arg()

Argument of this Complex number (the angle in radians with the x-axis in polar coordinates).- Returns:
- arg(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### conj

public Complex conj()

Complex conjugate of this Complex number (the conjugate of x+i*y is x-i*y).- Returns:
- z-bar where z is this Complex number.

#### plus

public Complex plus(Complex w)

Addition of Complex numbers (doesn't change this Complex number).

(x+i*y) + (s+i*t) = (x+s)+i*(y+t).- Parameters:
`w`

- is the number to add.- Returns:
- z+w where z is this Complex number.

#### minus

public Complex minus(Complex w)

Subtraction of Complex numbers (doesn't change this Complex number).

(x+i*y) - (s+i*t) = (x-s)+i*(y-t).- Parameters:
`w`

- is the number to subtract.- Returns:
- z-w where z is this Complex number.

#### minusReal

public Complex minusReal(double w)

Subtraction from real part- Parameters:
`w`

- real value for subtraction

#### times

public Complex times(Complex w)

Complex multiplication (doesn't change this Complex number).- Parameters:
`w`

- is the number to multiply by.- Returns:
- z*w where z is this Complex number.

#### times

public Complex times(double k)

Returns this complex multiplied by the specified factor.- Parameters:
`k`

- the factor multiplier.- Returns:
`this * k`

.

#### divide

public Complex divide(double k)

Returns this complex divided by the specified factor.- Parameters:
`k`

- the factor divisor.- Returns:
`this / k`

.

#### div

public Complex div(Complex w)

Division of Complex numbers (doesn't change this Complex number).

(x+i*y)/(s+i*t) = ((x*s+y*t) + i*(y*s-y*t)) / (s^2+t^2)- Parameters:
`w`

- is the number to divide by- Returns:
- new Complex number z/w where z is this Complex number

#### exp

public Complex exp()

Complex exponential (doesn't change this Complex number).- Returns:
- exp(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### log

public Complex log()

Principal branch of the Complex logarithm of this Complex number. (doesn't change this Complex number). The principal branch is the branch with -pi < arg <= pi.- Returns:
- log(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### sqrt

public Complex sqrt()

Complex square root (doesn't change this complex number). Computes the principal branch of the square root, which is the value with 0 <= arg < pi.- Returns:
- sqrt(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### sin

public Complex sin()

Sine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).

sin(z) = (exp(i*z)-exp(-i*z))/(2*i).- Returns:
- sin(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### cos

public Complex cos()

Cosine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).

cos(z) = (exp(i*z)+exp(-i*z))/ 2.- Returns:
- cos(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### sinh

public Complex sinh()

Hyperbolic sine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).

sinh(z) = (exp(z)-exp(-z))/2.- Returns:
- sinh(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### cosh

public Complex cosh()

Hyperbolic cosine of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).

cosh(z) = (exp(z) + exp(-z)) / 2.- Returns:
- cosh(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### tan

public Complex tan()

Tangent of this Complex number (doesn't change this Complex number).

tan(z) = sin(z)/cos(z).- Returns:
- tan(z) where z is this Complex number.

#### chs

public Complex chs()

Negative of this complex number (chs stands for change sign). This produces a new Complex number and doesn't change this Complex number.

-(x+i*y) = -x-i*y.- Returns:
- -z where z is this Complex number.

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